Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .

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The snakes of Niger. Most traditional, and many of the more recently fashionable, first aid measures are useless and potentially dangerous.

Snake venom of Echis ocellatus

None of our patients had vaginal bleeding, although intra-uterine foetal death without bleeding [confirmed using transvaginal ultrasonography] has been reported Nasu et al. Journal of Reproductive Medicine. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 1: Intrauterine fetal death caused by pit viper venom poisoning in early pregnancy.

Ocellxtus women survived but foetal loss in a victim with delayed presentation and a case of mild hypersensitivity reaction were recorded. Prey Feeds on a wide variety of prey, including invertebrates such as scorpions and centipedes, small mammals, birds, lizards, amphibians and other snakes. After ensuring the patient and onlookers have moved dchis of range of further strikes by the snake, the bitten person should be reassured and persuaded to lie down and remain still.


Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

The main clinical features of E. Hospital records are misleading and the true incidence of snakebite is unknown, but it may play a significant role in maternal morbidity, mortality and foetal loss in those societies.

No subspecies are currently recognized.

WCH Clinical Toxinology Resources

The bite wound should not be tampered with in any way. The specific nameocellatusis a reference to the distinctive series of “eye-spots” ocelli which runs the length of the body. Ocellatua venom is a mixture of complex biochemical compounds including potentially ecihs substances that may induce uterine contractions but their exact role in premature labour and maternal morbidity is unknown. If disturbed it assumes an S-shaped coil position and rubs the sides of the body together making a rasping sound.

Intravenous ampiclox and metronidazole were commenced together with oral ferrous sulphate and folic acid.

Here we have reviewed and re-analysed all published preclinical and clinical studies on envenoming and antivenom therapy conducted in West Africa to determine the effectiveness of antivenom.

Clin Toxicol Phila ; Bonn zoological Bulletin 66 2: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

West African Carpet Viper

This case series suggests that snakebite, in particular carpet viper bite, is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and foetal loss among underprivileged rural dwellers in the West African savanna.

The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, crepe bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective form of immobilisation.


During a study in 7 at a rural hospital in northeastern Nigeria, Kaltungo General Hospital, Gombe state, records of pregnant women who had snakebite were evaluated and are reported here. In other projects Wikispecies. Larnyang2 N. It is also found in northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad.

Die Sandrasselotter aus West-Africa: The effect of maternal envenomation by Naja haje Egyptian cobra snake on the developing central nervous system. WilliamsJeff Boundy Previous reports suggested that miscarriage tended to be more common during the first trimester but our cases and several others confirm that it can occur at other times during pregnancy Dunnihoo et al.

Wiping it once with a damp cloth to remove surface venom ocellatus unlikely to do much harm or good but the wound must not be massaged.

Echis ocellatus – Wikipedia

Severe swelling oecllatus to knee joint; bleeding at bite site. Journal of Emergency Medicine. Eight of the 10 victims were nomadic or semi-nomadic Fulani maids Table 1.

Viperinae Reptiles described in Pit viper envenomation in pregnancy: Abubakar3 S.